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Health and illnesses.

1. Regular medical check-ups help avoid serious illnesses.

2. Hospitals need up-to-date equipment, well-trained nurses and doctors.

3. Sometimes herbs and alternative treatments can be as effective as prescribed medicines.

4. People tend to buy too many over-the-counter remedies.

5. There is an increasing number of overweight people worldwide.

6. Eating well and exercising regularly reduce stress and make you stay healthy.

7. Nowadays, people are starting to realise how harmful smoking is.

8. Drug use is overestimated among the young. 

Health and illness


Our body is like a machine, which can easily go wrong. We can easily get injured at home or everywhere while doing simple, everyday tasks. We can trip over a rug and sprain our ankle. When we suddenly fall we can bruise our leg. We can easily cut our finger with a sharp knife or burn ourselves while cooking something hot. We can also bang our head against an open wardrobe.

These minor injuries don’t need medical attention. We can treat them at home. Cool your burnt finger with running water or with cold compress. If the cut isn’t deep stop bleeding by pressing on the wound then put a plaster on it. Large, dirty cuts need a tetanus booster. If we strain, sprain or bruise our ankle we should rest and put some ice on it. Compression and elevation are also important.

If you catch a cold you feel under the weather for some days. Drink a lot of fluids. Simple painkillers can bring down temperature. Cough medicines cure sore throat. Try to tolerate sneezing, runny nose and watery eyes.

 Flu causes more serious symptoms. We usually have fever, chills and splitting headache. We feel weak and dizzy. We have aching muscles. We should take febrifuge to bring down our temperature. Treatment is the same like with cold, but if the flu infects our lungs or ears antibiotics are needed. Flu shot may prevent catching flu.



It’s wise to see your GP for a routine check-up once a year.

             Your doctor checks your height and weight

             He takes your temperature with a thermometer

             Your blood pressure is taken

             He checks your reflexes with a rubber hammer

             A blood and a urine test must be done

             He listens to your lungs and heart with a stethoscope

             He looks in your eyes and ears.

If the GP diagnose a disease he will prescribe some medication, which we can get in the chemist’s/pharmacy. If further tests are needed to diagnose your illness the GP refers you to hospital.


In case of heart or asthma attack, broken bone, drug overdose, insect bites, food poisoning and infections we are treated in the emergency room.

                There are many serious diseases like: heart attack, stroke, nervous breakdown, cancer and AIDS. Nowadays our world widely spread incurable diseases are cancer and AIDS, which can be caught by sexual connection.





                We can do a lot of things to avoid getting ill. Prevention is better than cure. Immunization protects us against many diseases. In our childhood we get immunity from measles, mumps, rubella and polio. Chicken pox or scarlet fever  is still a typical children’s disease. Regular check-ups and the way we live can help us to avoid bigger diseases.



So our lifestyle counts. We mustn’t smoke because it can cause lung cancer. We mustn’t drink alcohol, which can ruin not just our organs but our family life too. We shouldn’t drink too much coffee as it contains caffeine and increases blood pressure. We mustn’t take any kind of drugs because if we addict to them they will kill our body.


DO NOT overeat, smoke, drink much alcohol or take drugs

DO regular exercise, avoid sun, practice safe sex, try to reduce stress and keep a positive attitude to life.